recherche arborescente et remplacement de texte en ligne de commande

Juste pour mémoire, et fatigué de pratiquer des find | grep | sed …

Un petit utilitaire qui fait çà très bien : rpl !!!
Pour l’installer sous debian : apt-get install rpl, et le tour est joué.
Extrait du man :

rpl — replace strings in files

rpl [-LhiwbqvsRepfdt] [-xSUFFIX] ⟨old_string⟩ ⟨new_string⟩ ⟨target_file …⟩

Basic usage is to specify two strings and one or more filenames or directories on the command line.  The first string is the string to replace, and the second string is the replacement string.

-h, –help
A short help text.

-L, –license
Show the license and exit.

Search only files ending with SUFFIX, e.g.  “.txt”.  May be specified multiple times.

-i, –ignore-case
Ignore the case of old_string.

-w, –whole-words
Make old_string match only on word boundaries.

-b, –backup
Move the original files to filename~ before replacing them.

-q, –quiet
Quiet mode.

-v, –verbose
Verbose mode.

-s, –dry-run
Simulation mode, no files are changed.

-R, –recursive
Recurse into subdirectories.

-e, –escape
Expand escape sequences in old_string and new_string.  Examples of escape sequences are ‘\n’ (new-line), ‘\t’ (tab), ‘\x42’ (hexadecimal number 42), ‘\033’ (octal number 033).

-p, –prompt
Prompt for confirmation before replacing each file.

-f, –force
Ignore errors when trying to restore permissions and file ownership.

-d, –keep-times
Keep modification times when replacing files.

-t, –use-tmpdir
Use a temporary directory for storing temporary files, usually the value of the environment variable TMPDIR.  The default is to put temporary files in the same directory as the file being modified.

-a, –all
Do not ignore files and directories starting with .

An effort has been made to make the program behave as much as the original rpl as necessary.  Where it has been possible to make improvements, improvements have been made.  This implementation lacks many of the bugs in the

Replace all occurences of “F” (on word boundaries) with “A” in all text files under the grades/ directory:
$ rpl -Rwd -x’.txt’ ‘F’ ‘A’ grades/

find(1), sed(1).

This program was written for Debian as a free replacement for the non-free rpl program by Joe Laffey.

Göran Weinholt ⟨⟩.

posté le 9. janvier 2014 à 5:01 pm par info · Permalink
Catégories : Shell · Mots-clés: 

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